Novozymes expects 3-6% organic sales growth for 2019. Growth is supported by strong innovation and increased market penetration, especially in the emerging markets. The 3-6% range also reflects geopolitical uncertainty such as the one in the Middle East (affecting Household Care, Food & Beverages and Technical & Pharma), the future setup of our BioAg business as well as volatile agricultural markets.
Using current spot rates as full-year estimates for the major currencies, and including lower recognition of deferred income (BioAg), Novozymes expects to see a positive impact of approximately 1 percentage point for growth in DKK. Roughly DKK 113 million of deferred income will be recognized in 2019, compared with DKK 169 million in 2018.
The first quarter of 2019 is expected to see a modest decline in organic sales y/y, mainly due to annualization of the Middle Eastern impact from the second half of 2018, a challenging Feed comparison and the enzyme price reductions in US baking coming to an end. Organic sales growth in the second half of the year is expected to be much stronger thanks to an easier Middle East comparison, the freshness platform in Household Care entering Europe, BioAg seasonality, an easing y/y price effect in US baking and Bioenergy volume growth picking up in the US market.
Household Care organic sales growth is expected to be supported by a broader rollout for the freshness platform and increased penetration in emerging markets, where we tap into consumer trends with our innovative enzymes for both liquid and powder detergents. The development of the freshness platform is tracking according to plan, and we expect to ship to more emerging markets through the year and to Europe in late 2019.
The dose reductions at some of our large customers are likely to continue, although at a lower level. This puts a dampener on growth.
We expect low-single-digit organic sales growth for Household Care, including annualization of the Middle Eastern impact.
Food & Beverages organic sales growth is expected to be driven by continued step-up in commercial presence, especially in the emerging markets, as well as by ramp-up of newly launched innovations, such as Frontia® and Palmora®. There is a modest positive expectation for baking, including planned price decreases in the US coming to an end in the first quarter.
Food & nutrition is expected to continue its good momentum, supported by the enduring health awareness trends. We expect continued solid growth across all industries with mid-single-digit organic sales growth overall in Food & Beverages, including annualization of the Middle Eastern impact.
Bioenergy organic sales growth is expected to be driven mainly by increased penetration from innovation as well as volume growth outside the US market. We expect US ethanol production in 2019 to be slightly lower than in 2018, with ethanol inventory levels remaining high into 2019. As such, we expect first-quarter US ethanol production to decline, before improving for the rest of the year. We expect high-single-digit growth in Bioenergy for the full year.
Agriculture & Feed sales to the agriculture-related markets are subject to uncertainty, due primarily to global farm economics and trade-related concerns. We are negotiating with Bayer regarding the future setup of the BioAg business, which is also a source of uncertainty.
Feed sales are expected to grow modestly for the year. We expect a low-single-digit decrease to a mid-single-digit increase in organic sales for Agriculture & Feed for the year.
Novozymes expects to recognize roughly DKK 113 million of the deferred income in BioAg as revenue in 2019. Deferred income does not impact the calculation of organic sales growth rates; it impacts realized sales growth in DKK but has no cash flow impact.
Technical & Pharma was impacted by the challenging markets in the Middle East during the second half of 2018, a situation that is expected to continue in the first half of 2019. We expect low-single-digit organic sales growth for the year, including annualization of the Middle Eastern impact.